Eczema Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

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Eczema is a condition where the skin becomes inflamed, rough, cracked, red and itchy. Blisters may sometimes occur. In this article, we are going to learn more about eczema and what might have triggered it, treating as well as managing it.

You might have noticed the swollen, itchy and red patch on your baby’s chest, chin, or cheeks that he scratched and can become more irritated. You might when you made an appointment with the doctor asked you about family history and the product you use for your skin at home. Then the physician told you that it was eczema. What is eczema? Different types and stages of eczema affect many children and adults around the globe. 

Table of Content

  1. What is  Eczema?
  2. What are the Causes of Eczema?
  3. What are the symptoms of Eczema?
  4. Treatments available for Eczema?
  5. Expert’s suggestions

What is  Eczema?

Eczema also is known as atopic dermatitis is a common form of Skin inflammation that makes the skin swollen, red, itchy and painful. It mainly affects kids, but it can likewise affect grown-ups. It can affect any body part, however, the most affected areas are scalp, cheeks, and hands, around the neck, inside or outside of the elbows and fronts or backs of the knees. People with Skin disorders and diseases have some periods that the symptoms are less noticeable and there are times when the noticeable are more severe. The main part of treatment is to eliminate itching which worsens when left untreated.

What are the Causes of Eczema?

The cause of eczema remains unidentified. But, it is alleged that it develops because of combination of environmental and genetic factors. It usually occurs in people who get allergies. This Skin disorders and diseases can run in family and comes from other conditions such as hay fever and asthma. Symptoms of eczema have some particular triggers such as detergents, soaps, and the weather. Food allergies can likewise play some part, particularly children.

What are the Symptoms of Eczema?

The most essential thing you need to know is that eczema comes with symptoms that are dissimilar from one person to another. Eczema can look different from you or on your child or another adult. In addition to that, it can also appear in different body areas at a different time.

Eczema is typically itchy and many individuals face moderate or moderate itching. However, it can become worse and develop enormously inflamed skin. The itch can get bad and the affected person scratch until he gets some bleeds.

What to look for:

  • Dark colored patches of skin
  • Very bad itching
  • Red, inflamed skin
  • Dry, sensitive skin
  • Areas of swelling
  • Oozing or crusting
  • Scaly patches of skin

You can have all the symptoms or just a few of them. The best way to know that if you have eczema it to go for a technician or doctor and have a look at your skin.

 

Treatments available for Eczema

Treatments available for Eczema?

Eczema has no cure however, there are treatments. Depending on eczema severity and age. Those treatments include biologic drugs, phototherapy, over-the-counter (OTC) remedies, immunosuppressants, and prescription topical medications. A lot of individuals with eczema succeed when they have some natural treatments alternative.

Home care

Here are some of the home care to alleviate symptoms

  • Know what triggers the disease and then try to avoid that exposure
  • Use prescription medication and OTC dependably and as prescribed
  • You can have a moisturizing routine as well as daily bathing.
  • Self-care techniques, for example, reducing scratching
  • Using a humidifier in cold or dry weather
  • Moisturizing every day
  • Using a non-soap cleanser and mild soap when washing
  • Keeping fingernails short to avoid scratching your skin
  • If possible you need to evade rapid changes of temperature or any other activity leading to seating

Medications

There are some medications that medics prescribes. They include Topical corticosteroid ointments and creams.

This is an anti-inflammatory medication that will relieve eczema symptoms such as itchiness and inflammation. The creams are applied directly on the skin.

Systemic corticosteroids

Whenever topical treatments are not working well, you can try out systemic corticosteroids. They are usually taken by mouth or injected and are utilized for a short time.

Antibiotics

They are used when eczema arises with some bacterial skin infection.

Expert’s suggestions

When you have proper treatment, most experts say that the eczema symptoms can clear up after 2-3 weeks. Nevertheless, this condition can return when you are exposed to allergen ones more. You need to identify allergen that courses eczema and then take the necessary steps to evade it and this will prevent the future reactions.

Bottom Line

Good skin starts with adequate hydration and moisturizing which decreases the formation of eczema and itching. Hydration can be done by daily use of skin moisturizing creams. It is also good to know that Bathing can be useful when done in the right manner. Your doctor may recommend treatment creams or ointments if the symptoms are severe.

Reference

  • https://nationaleczema.org/eczema/
  • https://www.healthline.com/health/skin/eczema
  • https://www.southerncross.co.nz/group/medical-library/eczema-causes-symptoms-treatment
  • https://www.verywellhealth.com/eczema-symptoms-and-treatment-82717
  • https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/14417.php
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