Psoriasis Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

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Chronic skin disorders are usually difficult to manage because they lack cure. Because skin is vital for physical appearance, a skin disorder may make the patient suffer from social or public anxiety, stress, depression, and also low self-esteem. Psoriasis is among the most common types of skin conditions and below is its review.

Table of Contents

  1. What is Psoriasis?
  2. Types of Psoriasis
  3. What are the Causes of Psoriasis?
  4. Psoriasis Treatment
  5. Expert’s suggestions

What is Psoriasis?

This is one of the most common skin disorders and diseases. Psoriasis is a chronic condition that’s considered to be an autoimmune diseases. Instead of the immune system protecting your body from this condition, it gets harmed. Research shows that over 7 million people who suffer from this condition are from the US only.

Types of Psoriasis?

There are about 5 different types of Psoriasis. They include pustular, plaque, inverse, Erythrodermic, and Guttate. Regardless of the type, this skin condition may make a person suffer from depression, low self-esteem, stress, and social anxiety.

Guttate

This Psoriasis usually appears as small red spots. It’s the 2nd most common type of Psoriasis and affects 10 percent of all the people who suffer from this skin condition. Guttate normally starts in young adulthood or during early childhood.

Inverse

It is also known as flexural Psoriasis. This conditions makes the skin to appear in folds like under the groin, breasts, or armpits. Inverse usually makes the skin smooth, shiny, and red. Inverse Psoriasis is often misdiagnosed as a bacterial or fungal skin infection.

Pustular

It the most severe type of this skin condition. Pustular normally develops at a faster rate and it may form numerous white pustules which are surrounded by red skin. It affects isolated body parts e.g. hands, feet etc. sometimes it may also give a huge part of the skin surface.

Erythrodermic

It’s a very rate and severe type of this skin condition. Erythrodermic usually covers one big area of the body and it may appear like a sunburn. It usually causes scales which my slough off as sheets or sections. Although it’s not very common, once it affects the person it makes them very ill. It’s a life-threating skin condition that requires immediate medical attention.

Plaque

It is also known as psoriasis vulgaris. Plaque is the most common type of psoriasis and it affects almost 80 percent of all the people who suffer from this skin condition. It’s normally accompanied by patches which have thick red colors and a scaly white or silver layer.

symptoms of Psoriasis

What are the Main Causes of Psoriasis?

Until now, it is still unclear as to what is the cause of this chronic skin condition. However, research indicates that this problem could possibly be caused by two main factors: the immune system and genetics.

Immune System

This skin condition is an autoimmune disease. It causes the body to attack itself and in this case, the T-White blood Cells normally attack the skin cells. In a typical normal setting, the white blood cells normally fight infections and bacterial invasion. However, the white blood cells in this scenario attack the skin cells, causing an overdrive that results in the generation of excess skin cells. The result is plaques alongside red and inflamed skin patches.

Genetics

Some people have psoriasis may have inherited the bad genes. If your immediate family member has this skin condition, you also risk developing a higher level of psoriasis. However, the chances of a person developing this skin condition from a genetic predisposition is still very small i.e. 2 -3 percent.

 

What are the symptoms of Psoriasis?

Psoriasis may display itself in more than one form. Some people may experience red patches on their skin. Others may have itchy skin, stiffness, joint swelling, scaly and silver patches of skin or pain which is normally associated with the psoriatic arthritis.

Psoriasis Treatment

Guttate Psoriasis

The doctor may prescribe certain types of oral medications, light therapy, or steroid creams. If the condition is caused by a bacterial infection that antibiotics can be very helpful.

Pustular

The type of treatment depends with the size of the skin which has been affected. For instance, small pustular patches are normally treated with creams such as corticosteroid. Big or longer patches need light therapy and oral medications.

Inverse

Patients are usually given the same medications as those people who suffer from plaque Psoriasis. This may be oral pills, light therapy, and or topical creams.

Erythrodermic

It’s a life-threating skin condition that required immediate medical attention. Treatment usually involves multiple therapies which include application of topical steroids, oral medications, and wet dressings that are medicated.

Plaque

It has a wide range of treatment options which include moisturizers, vitamin D creams, tazarotene drugs, topical retinoids, and coal tar. In some instances, light therapy may be applied.

Experts’ Suggestions

According to skin care experts such as dermatologists, there is no any known cure for Psoriasis at this moment. However, its possible remission to reduce the significant symptoms of this disease. Doctors normally advice patients to create a treatment plan for better skin management. Some of the self-care measures that you can take if you have Psoriasis include:

  • Avoiding smoking.
  • Moisturizing dry skin
  • Implement stress-reducing measures
  • Refraining from using products that may cause or enhance skin irritation.
  • Eating a healthy diet that’s rich in fruits and vegetables
  • Wearing loose and comfortable clothing

The Bottom Line

Psoriasis is a skin condition that presents itself in various forms and symptoms. The type of Psoriasis helps to determine the type of treatment and even though there is no cure at the moment, it’s possible to manage this skin conditions. This isn’t a viral skin diseases that’s contagious.

Sources

  • https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/psoriasis/understanding-psoriasis-basics#1
  • https://www.health.harvard.edu/newsletter_article/psoriasis-more-than-skin-deep
  • https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/psoriasis
  • https://www.psoriasis.org/
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